Here for sale is a RARE COLLECTION of THREE. PINBACK BUTTONS (Propaganda PINS - EMBLEMS - BADGES) of the.
"KACH" political pary and the "JDL" (Jewish Defense League) of RABBI MEIR KAHANE which were created over 40-50 years ago in ca 1970's by the KACH party, and the JDL movement. PINBACK BUTTON in the spirit of JDL and KACH is related to the VICTORIES of ZAHAL - IDF in the WARS of 1948 (The WAR of INDEPENDENCE), 1956 (The SINAI WAR) and 1967 (The SIX DAYS WAR) with the words " ZAHAL 1948, 1956, 1967 and FOREVER ". Size around 1.5 diameter. (Pls look at scan for accurate AS IS images) Will be sent in a special protective rigid sealed packaging. Fully guaranteed ORIGINAL from ca 1970's, NOT recently made immitations, They hold a life long GUARANTEE for their AUTHENTICITY and ORIGINALITY.
Will be sent in a special protective rigid sealed tube. Thus' was a radical Orthodox Jewish, ultranationalist political party in Israel, existing from 1971 to 1994.
 Founded by Rabbi Meir Kahane in 1971, based on his Jewish-Orthodox-nationalist ideology (subsequently dubbed Kahanism), the party earned a single seat in the Knesset in the 1984 election, after several electoral failures.  However, it was barred from participating in the next election in 1988 under the revised Knesset Elections Law banning parties that incited racism.After Kahane's assassination in 1990, the party split, with Kahane Chai???? "Kahane Lives" breaking away from the main Kach faction.
The party was also barred from standing in the 1992 election, and both organisations were banned outright in 1994. Both groups are considered terrorist organisations by Israel,  Canada,  the European Union,  Japan,  and formerly the United States.  They are believed to have an overlapping core membership of fewer than 100 people,  with links to the modern party Otzma Yehudit.  Contents 1 Background 1.1 Early history 1.2 Kahane enters the Knesset 1.3 Ban from running in elections 1.4 Kahane's death and party split 1.5 Party ban on Kach and Kahane Chai 1.6 Aftermath 2 Political platform 2.1 Arabs 2.2 Economy and employment 2.3 Education 2.4 Foreign affairs 2.5 Land and sovereignty 2.6 Military 2.7 Press 2.8 Religion 3 Electoral history 4 See also 5 References 6 External links Background Early history Kahane immigrated to Israel from the United States in September 1971, at first declaring that he would only involve himself in Jewish education.
 However, he soon became involved in controversy, initiating protests advocating the expulsion of most Arabs from Israel and the Palestinian territories. In 1972, Jewish Defense League leaflets were distributed around Hebron, calling for the mayor to stand trial for the 1929 Hebron massacre. In 1971, Kahane founded a new party,  which ran in the 1973 elections under the name "The League List".  The party won 12,811 votes (0.82%), just 2,857 (0.18%) short of the electoral threshold at the time (1%) for winning a seat. Following the elections, the party's name was changed to Kach, taken from the Irgun motto "Rak Kach" ("Only thus").  The party was less successful in the 1977 elections, in which it won 4,396 votes (0.25%), and in 1980 Kahane was sentenced to six months in prison for his involvement in a plan to commit an "act of provocation" on the Temple Mount.
 The 1981 elections were another failure, with Kach receiving only 5,128 votes (0.27%). Kahane enters the Knesset Kach poster from the 1984 elections.It reads This time Kahane: Because he is one of us! Give him the power to finally take care of them! Events in the next couple of years increased the party's profile. There was fierce resistance, particularly in Yamit, the largest settlement, where several extremists had barricaded themselves inside a synagogue and were threatening to commit suicide. Menachem Begin's government asked Kahane to act as an intermediary and convince them to give in. Prior to the 1984 legislative elections, the party was barred by the Central Elections Committee for racism. It successfully appealed to the Supreme Court, which reversed the CEC's decision, ruling that the Knesset Elections Law (one of the Basic Laws of Israel) did not allow a party to be barred on the grounds of racism, but did suggest that the law be amended.  In the elections, the party won 25,907 votes (1.2%), passing the electoral threshold for the first time, and winning one seat, which was duly taken by Kahane.
Kahane's legislative proposals focused on revoking the Israeli citizenship for non-Jews and banning Jewish-Gentile marriages and sexual relations, based on the Code of Jewish Law compiled by Maimonides in the Mishneh Torah. As his political career progressed, Kahane became increasingly isolated in the Knesset.
His speeches, boycotted by Knesset members, were made to an empty parliament, except for the duty chairman and the transcriptionist. Kahane's legislative proposals and motions of no-confidence against the government were ignored or rejected by fellow Knesset members. Kahane often pejoratively called other Knesset members "Hellenists" in Hebrew (a reference from Jewish religious texts describing ancient Jews who assimilated into Greek culture after Judea's occupation by Alexander the Great). In 1987, Rabbi Kahane opened a yeshiva (HaRaayon HaYehudi) with funding from U. Supporters, for the teaching of "the Authentic Jewish Idea".Despite the boycott, polls showed that Kahane's Kach would have likely received three to four seats in the coming November 1988 elections,  with some earlier polls forecasting as many as twelve seats,  possibly making Kach the third largest party. Ban from running in elections In response to the election of Kach's single representative and following up on the recommendation of the Supreme Court, the Knesset passed an amendment to the Elections Law, which stated: A candidates list shall not participate in elections to the Knesset if its objects or actions, expressly or by implication, include one of the following: negation of the existence of the State of Israel as the state of the Jewish people; negation of the democratic character of the State incitement to racism As a result, Kach was disqualified from running in the 1988 elections by the Central Elections Committee. The party once again appealed against the decision, with Kahane claiming that security needs were justification for discrimination against Arabs.
This time the appeal was unsuccessful, with the court stating that the aims and action of Kach were "manifestly racist".  To protest their electoral ban, a group of Kach activists founded the Sicarii terrorist group in 1989. Their protests took the form of arson and graffiti attacks against Jewish left-wing political figures.  Kahane's death and party split On 5 November 1990, Kahane was assassinated after making a speech in New York City. The prime suspect, El Sayyid Nosair, an Egyptian-born American citizen, was subsequently acquitted of murder, but convicted on gun possession charges.
 The party subsequently split in two due to disputes over tactics and personal conflicts within the party, with Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane (Kahane's son) leading a breakaway faction, Kahane Chai, based in Kfar Tapuach (an Israeli settlement in the West Bank), and Kach initially under the leadership of Rabbi Avraham Toledano (later replaced by Baruch Marzel) in Kiryat Arba.  Both parties were banned from participating in the 1992 elections on the basis that they were followers of the original Kach.
Party ban on Kach and Kahane Chai Following both parties noting their support of a 1992 grenade attack on the butchers' market of Jerusalem's Old City, government minister Amnon Rubinstein asked the Attorney General to launch criminal proceedings against both Kahane and Marzel on the charges of incitement to terrorism.  In 1994, both groups were banned outright by the Israeli cabinet under 1948 anti-terrorism laws,  following statements in support of Baruch Goldstein's massacre of 29 Palestinians at the Cave of the Patriarchs (Goldstein himself was a Kach supporter).  Many of their leaders spent time in Israeli jail under administrative detention, particularly Noam Federman, who spent more than 6 months in lockup without being indicted.Yigal Amir, who assassinated Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin in 1995 who was in contact with "EYAL" (the Jewish Fighting Organization), a group established and headed by Avishai Raviv (a paid government informant) and portrayed as linked to Kach and Kahane Chai.  After being convicted for sedition for distributing pamphlets advocating violence against Arabs, Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane and his wife were killed in a Palestinian ambush in December 2000.  Aftermath Kach logo spraypainted on a cement block reading "Kahane Chai" Kahanist graffiti in Hebron on a Palestinian home. The words to the top right say "Kahane Chai". The fist inside the Star of David is the party logo.
Below is the acronym for "Kahane Chai" which is also the Hebrew word for strength. Following the banning of Kach and Kahane Chai, the movements officially disbanded. The leadership of the former Kahane Chai formed an advocacy group known as The Kahane Movement. The group's activities consist mainly of maintaining the Kahane website, kahane.
However, the Kahane Movement is listed on the United States' list of terrorist organizations as an alias for "Kach", though the group denies this. The New Kach Movement existed between 2001 and 2003 and maintained websites posting Kahanist political commentary and held meetings with informal members. Headed by Israeli-born student Efraim Hershkovits, it had chapters worldwide and a youth movement, Noar Meir.
Upon returning to live in Israel in 2003, Hershkovits disbanded the movement to avoid harassment by the Israeli government, advising its former members to support the Kahane Movement. After the organization had dissolved, its name was also added to the United States' list of terrorist organizations as an alias for "Kach".Hershkovits was arrested on 7 August 2005 and placed in administrative detention for three months by Israeli authorities. The United States continued to designate the group as a terrorist organization by the early 2000s,  saying that it engaged in terrorist activity by: using explosives or firearms with intent to endanger the safety of individuals or cause substantial damage to property (including an attempt to car bomb a Palestinian girls school in East Jerusalem) threatening and conspiring to carry out assassinations soliciting funds and members for a terrorist organization The State Department also says that the group is suspected of involvement in a number of low-level attacks since the start of the Second Intifada in 2000.  In the 2003 elections, former Kach leader Baruch Marzel ran as number two on the Herut - The National Movement party list.
The party narrowly missed obtaining a seat. In 2004, he founded the Jewish National Front, which gained 24,824 votes (0.7%) in the 2006 elections, less than half needed to win a seat.
Michael Ben-Ari, elected to the Knesset in 2009 on the National Union list, where he represents Eretz Yisrael Shelanu, is a self-declared follower of Rabbi Kahane who was involved with Kach for many years. Jewish National Front merged into Eretz Yisrael Shelanu prior to the election. Former Kahane Chai chief executive Mike Guzofsky continues to solicit funds in the U.
With the support of American Kahanists. A 2009 Haaretz story accused Avigdor Lieberman of past membership in Kach, an accusation Lieberman denies.  A number of Kach followers, including Ben-Zion Gopstein, Baruch Marzel, Michael Ben-Ari, and Itamar Ben-Gvir, later became founding members and spokespeople for the segregationist Lehava movement.  Otzma Yehudit is a Kahanist political party that includes many of the same followers, including Ben-Gvir and Marzel.
 In 2022, the United States removed the group from its list of terrorist organizations.  Political platform The Kach party platform called for legislation on a variety of issues: Arabs Every Arab inside Israel is to be offered the right of residence as a non-citizen. All non-Jews will have total personal rights and no national ones. Those who refuse the offer, and agree to leave quickly and peacefully, will receive compensation for their property, with 10% taken off and placed in a special fund for Sephardic Jews who left property behind in Arab countries and were never compensated. Until then, every Israeli Arab from the age of 18 will serve three years of manual labor, plus yearly manual duty as part of the reserves.An automatic death penalty shall be in force for every Arab terrorist caught. Economy and employment A five-day-week of work will be introduced throughout the country, with Shabbat and Sunday being full days of rest.
Sunday will be a day for freedom of entertainment, sport, and general pleasure, while the Shabbat will be a day of spiritual rest with no public desecration of the day. A free economy will be put into force, with regulations and licenses cut to a minimum, and the bureaucracy cut to the bone. Worker-participation in factories will be encouraged. The Histadrut will be limited to being a union only and will have to sell off its holdings. Only free enterprise that brings in foreign investment, and that encourages domestic capitalism and incentive, will allow Israel to escape its position as a beggar basket-case.
Minimum wages will be raised to high levels, and underemployment compensation limited only to those who are incapable of working or can prove that they have not been able to find work. Jewish labor will be advocated. The huge amounts of budgetary funds that go to the Arab sector will be diverted to the needs of the Jewish underprivileged in the urban neighborhoods and the development towns.  Education A total re-organization of Jewish education in Israel shall be undertaken, including schools, the army, and state news media. All schools in Israel will be given a basic curriculum in Judaism and Jewish national pride.
Parents who do not wish this can organize their own private schools, but with no government funding. Foreign affairs The Aliyah Department shall be re-organized, with all emissaries recalled and a new system implemented under which a shaliach (emissary) sent to a foreign country will be one who himself came from this country. A special unit to deal properly with Jew-haters outside of Israel who threaten Jews there will be set up. There will be no sanctuary for murderers of Jews, Israelis or not.A special office to deal with the suffering Jews outside of Israel Syria, Yemen, Ethiopia, etc. Will coordinate non-stop protests and pressures throughout the world. Political, cultural, social, and all non-economic ties with Germany and Austria will be ended. We will expect the Germans to continue fully their obligations to Israel and victims of German atrocities. The Germans owe us reparations for property, and we owe them nothing. The humiliation of United Nations defamation and degradation of Israel will be put to an end with Israel's withdrawal.  Land and sovereignty Immediate annexation of every part of Israel that is in our hands, and unlimited settlement for Jews everywhere in that area. Sovereignty from the Temple Mount shall be taken from the Muslims, and given to the Rabbinate. Jews will have unlimited access to those areas of the Temple Mount that are permitted entry by halakha, and a synagogue will be built immediately. Every young couple will be offered a dunam of free land to build a home with minimum mortgage. This will encourage young couples to leave the cities, and also to live in an environment of air and land, rather than cramped into tiny apartments in high-rise buildings. Military The Army shall be given a free hand to shoot when it feels necessary at any attacker, including stone-throwers. The entire village of any terrorist, including stone-throwers, shall be expelled from the country. Every soldier during his three years of basic army service will learn a manual trade and will be given an opportunity, while in the army, to spend much of his last year at home working in that trade. All women will be exempt from army service but will be compelled to do national service in their neighborhoods and come home every night.
A separate large army base shall be set up in which Haredi Jews will do their army service. Any full-time yeshiva student who does absolutely nothing else will be exempt.
The many thousands of part-time yeshiva students will be doing army service at the special base. Press Freedom of the press will be strictly enforced, with obligations. All correspondents and papers will be held to strict and truthful reporting of events, and no boycott of events will be allowed. Religion A Jew will be defined only as one born to a Jewish mother or converted according to authentic halakha.
Non-Orthodox temples and rabbis will be allowed the freedom to practice in Israel, but the use of the word "rav" will not be allowed ("rabbi" may be used), and no such place may use the word Beit Knesset ("temple" or "center" may be used). Re-organization of the religious courts will take place to ensure the choice of dayanim (judges) on merit, and to insist that procedures for divorces be streamlined and hurried. People of other faiths will be given total freedom to pray and worship and observe as they see fit, but never, ever, to proselytize. Intermarriage between Jews and Gentiles will be forbidden by law; respect for the Gentile will be demanded, but that will not include sharing his or her bed. 27 ebay5778Meir David HaKohen Kahane /k? Born Martin David Kahane; August 1, 1932 - November 5, 1990 was an American-born Israeli ordained Orthodox rabbi, writer, and ultra-nationalist politician who served one term in Israel's Knesset.  A cofounder of the Jewish Defense League (JDL) and founder of the Israeli political party Kach, he espoused strong views against antisemitism. Kahane was an intense advocate for Jewish causes. He organized defense squads and patrols in Jewish neighborhoods, and demanded that the Soviet Union release their oppressed Jews.
 He supported violence against those he regarded as enemies of the Jewish people, called for immediate Jewish mass migration to Israel to avoid a potential "Holocaust" in the United States, supported the restriction of Israel's democracy to its Jewish citizens, and endorsed the annexation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip.  In 1968, Kahane was one of the co-founders of the JDL in the United States. In 1971, he co-founded Kach ("Thus"), a new political party in Israel. That same year, he was convicted in New York for conspiracy to manufacture explosives and received a suspended sentence of five years.
 In Israel, he was convicted for plotting to blow up the Libyan embassy in Brussels in revenge for the massacre of 11 Israeli athletes at the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, receiving a suspended sentence and probation.  In 1984, he became a member of the Knesset, when Kach gained its only-ever seat in parliamentary elections.
Kahane was boycotted across the aisles of the Knesset, and would often speak in front of an empty chamber. The Israel Broadcasting Authority similarly avoided coverage of his activities. The Central Elections Committee tried to ban Kahane from running in the 1984 elections, but this ban was overturned by the Supreme Court because there was no law to support it.In response, the Knesset approved an ad hoc law that allowed for the banning of parties that are "racist" or "undemocratic". In 1988, despite polls showing Kach gaining popularity due in part to the ongoing First Intifada, Kach was banned from entering that year's elections.  Kahane publicized his "Kahanism" ideology, which he claimed was simply Torah Judaism based on Halakha (Jewish law), through published works, weekly articles, speeches, debates on college campuses and in synagogues throughout the United States, and appearances on various televised programs and radio shows. In Israel, he proposed enforcing Halakha as codified by Maimonides and hoped that Israel would eventually adopt Halakha as state law.  Non-Jews wishing to dwell in Israel would have three options: remain as "resident strangers" with limited rights,  leave Israel and receive compensation for their property, or be forcibly removed without compensation.
 While serving in the Knesset in the mid-1980s Kahane proposed numerous laws, none of which passed, to emphasize Judaism in public schools, reduce Israel's bureaucracy, forbid sexual relations between Jews and non-Jews, separate Jewish and Arab neighbourhoods, and end cultural meetings between Jewish and Arab students.  Kahane was assassinated in a New York City hotel by an Egyptian-born U. His legacy continues to influence militant and far-right political groups active today in Israel.  Contents 1 Personal life 2 Early career 2.1 Pulpit rabbi 2.2 Infiltrating the John Birch Society 2.3 Collaboration with Joseph Churba 3 Jewish Defense League 4 Terrorism and convictions 5 Immigration to Israel 5.1 Election to Knesset 6 Assassination 7 Ideology 8 Support 9 Legacy 10 See also 11 Publications 11.1 By Kahane 11.2 About Kahane 12 References 13 External links Personal life Meir Kahane was born in Brooklyn, New York, to an Orthodox Jewish family.  Kahane descended from a line of well-known rabbis, including his father, who was head of the Flatbush Board of Rabbis.
He was deeply involved in the Revisionist Zionist movement as a close friend of Ze'ev Jabotinsky. Baruch David immigrated to Mandatory Palestine from Poland in 1873.
 As a teenager, Kahane became an ardent admirer of Jabotinsky and Peter Bergson, who were frequent guests in his parents' home. He joined the Betar (Brit Trumpeldor) youth wing of Revisionist Zionism. He was active in protests against Ernest Bevin, the British Foreign Secretary who maintained restrictions on the immigration of Jews, even Holocaust survivors, to Palestine after the end of the Second World War.In 1947, Kahane was arrested for throwing eggs and tomatoes at Bevin, who was disembarking at Pier 84 on a visit to New York. A photo of the arrest appeared in the New York Daily News.  In 1954, he became the Mazkir (Secretary) of Greater New York City's 16 Bnei Akiva chapters. Kahane's formal education included Yeshiva of Flatbush for elementary school and Brooklyn Talmudical Academy for high school.  Kahane received his rabbinical ordination from the Mir Yeshiva in Brooklyn, where he was especially admired by the head Rabbi Abraham Kalmanowitz.  He was fully conversant in the Tanakh (Jewish Bible), the Talmud, the Midrash and Jewish law. Subsequently, Kahane earned a B. In political science from Brooklyn College in 1954, a Bachelor of Law - LL. From New York Law School, and an M. In International Relations from New York University.  In 1956, Kahane married Libby Blum, with whom he had four children: Tzipporah,  Tova, Baruch, and Binyamin.  In 1966, Kahane, under the alias of Michael King and while already married, had an affair and proposed to 21-year-old model Gloria Jean D'Argenio (who used the stage name Estelle Donna Evans).  Kahane sent a letter to D'Argenio in which he unilaterally ended their relationship. In response, D'Argenio jumped off the Queensboro Bridge and died of her injuries the next day.  In 2008, Kahane's wife dismissed the incident as lacking proof.  After D'Argenio's death, Kahane started the Estelle Donna Evans Foundation in her name.  Kahane claimed D'Argenio had been his former secretary in his failed consulting operation, she had died of terminal cancer, and her "well-to-do" family had endowed the foundation.  Early career Pulpit rabbi Kahane in Canarsie in 1975 In 1958, Kahane became the rabbi of the Howard Beach Jewish Center in Queens, New York City. Although the synagogue was originally Conservative, rather than strictly Orthodox, the board of directors agreed to Kahane's conditions, which included resigning from the Conservative movement's United Synagogue of America, installing a partition separating men and women during prayer, instituting traditional prayers, and maintaining a kosher kitchen.  At the Jewish Center, Kahane influenced many of the synagogue's youngsters to adopt a more observant lifestyle, which often troubled parents.  He trained Arlo Guthrie for his bar mitzvah.
 When his contract was not renewed, he soon published an article entitled "End of the Miracle of Howard Beach". That was Kahane's first article in The Jewish Press, an American Orthodox Jewish weekly for which he would continue to write for the rest of his life.  Kahane also used the pen name David Sinai, and the pseudonyms Michael King, David Borac, and Martin Keene.
 Infiltrating the John Birch Society In the late 1950s and the early 1960s, Kahane's life of secrecy and his strong anticommunism landed him a position as a consultant with the FBI. According to his wife, Libby, his assignment was to infiltrate the anticommunist John Birch Society and report his findings to the FBI.  Collaboration with Joseph Churba Never Again! A Program for Survival (1972) At some time in the late 1950s, Kahane assumed the persona of a Gentile, along with the pseudonym Michael King.  Kahane began openly expressing his anticommunism.
He and Joseph Churba created the July Fourth Movement, which was formed to counteract widespread opposition towards U. Involvement in the Vietnam War.  Subsequently, they coauthored the book The Jewish Stake in Vietnam, an attempt to convince American Jews of the "evil of Communism".  The introduction states that, All Americans have a stake in this grim war against Communism...It is vital that Jews realize the threat to their very survival [should Communism succeed]. Churba had a major falling out with Kahane over the use of paramilitary activities, and they parted ways permanently.
Churba went on to pursue his own career, joining the U. Air Force, writing many books on the Middle East, and eventually becoming one of Ronald Reagan's consultants. Kahane chose to fight for Jewish rights, and was willing to use extreme measures. He even attempted to acquire and grow biological weapons to use on a Soviet military installation.  He began using the phrase "Never again" and conceived the Jewish Star and fist insignia, a symbol resembling that of the Black Panther Party.
However, Kahane himself opposed the Black Panthers, claiming they had supported anti-Jewish riots in Massachusetts and had left-wing views. Jewish Defense League Kahane founded the Jewish Defense League (JDL) in New York City in 1968. Its self-described purpose was to protect Jews from local manifestations of anti-Semitism.  The JDL said it was committed to five fundamental principles: Love of Jewry: One Jewish people, indivisible and united, from which flows the love for, and the feeling of pain of, all Jews. Dignity and Pride: Pride in and knowledge of Jewish tradition, faith, culture, land, history, strength, pain, and peoplehood.Iron: The need to both move to help Jews everywhere and to change the Jewish image through sacrifice and all necessary means-even strength, force, and violence. Discipline and Unity: The knowledge that he (or she) can and will do whatever must be done, and the unity and strength of willpower to bring this into reality. Faith in the Indestructibility of the Jewish People: Faith in the greatness and indestructibility of the Jewish people, our religion, and our Land of Israel. According to his wife Libby Kahane, the JDL favored civil rights for blacks, but opposed black anti-Semites and racism of any form. " In 1971, the JDL formed an alliance with a black rights group in what Kahane termed "a turning point in Black-Jewish relations.  The Anti-Defamation League claimed that Kahane "preached a radical form of Jewish nationalism which reflected racism, violence and political extremism" that was replicated by Irv Rubin, the JDL's successor to Kahane.  Terrorism and convictions A number of the JDL's members and leaders, including Kahane, were convicted of acts related to domestic terrorism.  In 1971, Kahane was sentenced to a suspended five-year prison sentence for conspiring to manufacture explosives.  In 1975, Kahane was arrested for leading the attack on the Soviet United Nations mission and injuring two officers, but he was released after being given summonses for disorderly conduct. He was convicted of violating his probation for the 1971 bombing conviction and was sentenced to one year in prison.  However, he served most of it in a hotel, with frequent unsupervised absences, because of a concession over the provision of kosher food.  In a 1984 interview with Washington Post correspondent Carla Hall, Kahane admitted that the JDL "bombed the Russian [Soviet] mission in New York, the Russian cultural mission here [Washington] in 1971, the Soviet trade offices".  Immigration to Israel Main article: Kach and Kahane Chai In 1971, Kahane moved to Israel. At the time, he declared that he would focus on Jewish education.  He later began gathering lists of Arab citizens of the State of Israel who were willing to emigrate for compensation, and eventually, he initiated protests that advocated the expulsion of Arabs from that country, and Israeli-occupied territories.
In 1972, Jewish Defense League leaflets were distributed in Hebron, calling for the mayor to stand trial for the 1929 Hebron massacre.  Kahane was arrested dozens of times.  In 1971, he founded Kach, a political party that ran for the Knesset, the Israeli Parliament, during the 1973 general elections under the name "The League List".It won 12,811 votes (0.82%), just 2,857 (0.18%) short of the electoral threshold at the time (1%) for winning a Knesset seat. The party was even less successful in the 1977 elections, winning only 4,836 votes. In 1980, Kahane was arrested for the 62nd time since his emigration, and he was jailed for six months after a detention order that was based on allegations of him planning armed attacks against Palestinians in response to the killings of Jewish settlers.  Kahane was held in prison in Ramla, where he wrote the book They Must Go. Kahane was banned from entering the UK in 1981.
 In 1981, Kahane's party again ran for the Knesset during the 1981 elections, but it did not win a seat and received only 5,128 votes. In 1984, the Israeli Central Elections Committee banned him from being a candidate on the grounds that Kach was a racist party, but the Supreme Court of Israel overturned the ban on the grounds that the committee was not authorized to ban Kahane's candidacy.  The Supreme Court suggested that the Knesset pass a law excluding racist parties from future elections.The Knesset responded in 1985 by amending the "Basic Law: Knesset" to include a prohibition (paragraph 7a) against the registration of parties that explicitly or implicitly incite racism. Election to Knesset In the 1984 legislative elections, Kahane's Kach party received 25,907 votes, gaining one seat in the Knesset, which was taken by Kahane. He refused to take the standard oath of office and insisted on adding a Biblical verse from Psalms to indicate that national laws were overruled by the Torah if they conflict. Kahane's legislative proposals focused on Jewish education, an open economy, transferring the Arab population out of the Land of Israel, revoking Israeli citizenship from non-Jews, and banning Jewish-Gentile marriages and sexual relations. While his popularity in Israel grew, Kahane was boycotted in the Knesset, where his speeches were often made to an empty assembly except for the duty chairman and the transcriptionist. The Knesset revoked his Parliamentary immunity to prevent his freedom of movement in areas where his inflammatory rhetoric could cause harm. Kahane's legislative proposals and motions of no-confidence against the government were ignored or rejected.
Kahane often pejoratively called other Knesset members "Hellenists, " a reference to Jews who assimilated into Greek culture after Judea's occupation by Alexander the Great. In 1987, Kahane opened a yeshiva ("HaRaayon HaYehudi") with funding from US supporters to teach "the Authentic Jewish Idea". Despite the boycott, his popularity grew among the Israeli public, especially for working-class Sephardi Jews.  Polls showed that Kach would have likely received anywhere from four to twelve seats in the coming November 1988 elections.  In 1985, the Knesset passed an amendment to the Basic Law of Israel, barring political parties that incited to racism.
The Central Elections Committee banned Kahane a second time, and he appealed to the Israeli Supreme Court. However, the Supreme Court this time ruled in favor of the committee, disqualifying Kach from running in the 1988 legislative elections.
Kahane was thus the first candidate in Israel to be barred from election for racism. The move was criticized as being anti-democratic by Alan M. After Kahane's election to the Knesset in 1984, the United States government attempted to revoke his U. Citizenship, which Kahane successfully challenged in court.  However, in 1987, the Knesset passed a law declaring that a Knesset member could only be an Israeli citizen.  To remain eligible for office, Kahane renounced his United States citizenship, but after being banned from the Knesset for his politics, he again filed suit to get his U. Citizenship reinstated based on the argument that he was compelled to relinquish it by the Knesset. The court rejected this argument, but he was permitted to continue travelling to the United States.  Assassination Main article: Assassination of Meir Kahane In November 1990, Kahane gave a speech to an audience of mostly Orthodox Jews from Brooklyn,  where he warned American Jews to emigrate to Israel before it was "too late".  As a crowd gathered around Kahane in the second-floor lecture hall in Midtown Manhattan's New York Marriott East Side, Kahane was assassinated by El Sayyid Nosair, an Egyptian-born U. He was initially charged and acquitted of the murder.  Nosair was later convicted of the murder in U. District Court for his involvement in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing. Prosecutors were able to try Nosair again for the murder because the federal indictment included the killing as part of the alleged terrorist conspiracy.  He was sentenced to life imprisonment and later made a confession to federal agents.
 Kahane was buried on Har HaMenuchot, in Jerusalem. He was eulogized by a number of prominent supporters in both the U. And in Israel, including Rabbi Moshe Tendler and the Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Israel, Mordechai Eliyahu, who spoke of how little the people understood of Kahane's true value.
 Ideology Main article: Kahanism Kahane argued that there was a glory in Jewish destiny, which came through the observance of the Torah and halakha (Jewish law). He also noted, Democracy and Judaism are not the same thing.
 Kahane also stressed the view that a Jewish state and a Western democracy were incompatible, since Western democracy is religion-blind, and a Jewish state is religion-oriented by its very name. He also warned of the danger of non-Jewish citizens becoming a majority and voting against the Jewish character of the state: The question is as follows: if the Arabs settle among us and make enough children to become a majority, will Israel continue to be a Jewish state? Do we have to accept that the Arab majority will decide?" "Western democracy has to be ruled out. For me, that's cut and dried: There's no question of setting up democracy in Israel, because democracy means equal rights for all, irrespective of racial or religious origins.  He encouraged retaliatory violence against Arabs who attacked Jews: I approve of anybody who commits such acts of violence. Really, I don't think that we can sit back and watch Arabs throwing rocks at buses whenever they feel like it.
They must understand that a bomb thrown at a Jewish bus is going to mean a bomb thrown at an Arab bus.  In some of his writings, Kahane argued that Israel should never start a war for territory but that if a war were launched against Israel, Biblical territory should be annexed.
 However, in an interview, he defined Israel's "minimal borders" as follows: The southern boundary goes up to El Arish, which takes in all of northern Sinai, including Yamit. To the east, the frontier runs along the western part of the East Bank of the Jordan River, hence part of what is now Jordan.
Eretz Yisrael also includes part of Lebanon and certain parts of Syria, and part of Iraq, all the way to the Euphrates River. " When critics suggested that following Kahane's plans would mean a perpetual war between Jews and Arabs, Kahane responded, "There will be a perpetual war. " Support Shlomo Aviner stated that Kahane was a righteous man who displayed self-sacrifice for the Jewish nation and also referred to him as a "Torah hero whose every word was rooted in Torah sources.  Herbert Bomzer referred to Kahane as truly immersed in Torah all the time. Bunim was a strong supporter and admirer of Kahane.
 Shlomo Carlebach was known for declaring that the Jewish people owed a great debt to Kahane. Together, Carlebach and Kahane organized one of the first Noahide conferences in the 1980s for non-Jews wishing to accept upon themselves the Noahide laws.  Musician Bob Dylan made positive comments about Kahane. In a 1971 interview for Time magazine, Dylan said, He's a really sincere guy. He's really put it all together." According to Kahane, Dylan attended several meetings of the Jewish Defense League to find out "what we're all about,  and he started to have talks with the rabbi.  Subsequently, Dylan downplayed the extent of his contact with Kahane.  Mordechai Eliyahu was Kahane's personal mentor, and one of Kahane's staunchest supporters. Eliyahu wrote an approbation to Kahane's Tanakh commentary, "Perush Hamacabee", where he refers to Kahane as "HaRav HaGaon" ("the rabbinic genius"), a praiseworthy title attributed to the very saintly.
Eliyahu wrote, Only the Torah way interested Kahane, which he constantly toiled over and which served as his strength... When one considers the depth and clarity of [Kahane's] works, one is astonished at how he had the time to compile such.
All his time and thoughts were invested in Torah while other matters were secondary. Fortunate is the family that publishes his works for others to learn from. At Kahane's funeral, Eliyahu stated that Kahane was a reincarnation of a fearless biblical character.
In his letter of support for Kahane, Kook stated, The presence of Rabbi Meir Kahane and his uncompromising words from the Knesset platform will undoubtedly add strength and value to the obligatory struggle on behalf of the entire Land of Israel. The announcement of Kook's support of Kahane and his letter were made available to the Jewish Telegraphic Agency. Yosef Mendelevitch stated, Kahane was a representative for us. His activities made us feel good. His actions showed that Jews cared.His actions may have been controversial, but his role was very important. He was a symbol for Russian Jews. " Aaron Rakeffet-Rothkoff said, "You can't imagine the influence Kahane had on so many young people. Kahane was a talmid chacham (Torah scholar) that we all looked up to.  Menachem Mendel Schneerson supported Kahane on many issues concerning Israel, including the issue of Arabs, relinquishing land, building settlements and the incorporation of Jewish law into Israeli policy. After hearing of Kahane's death, Schneerson remarked that one of the greatest Jewish leaders in history has fallen. " He later blessed Kahane's son to be successful in fulfilling his "holy father's work.
 Avraham Shapira stated that Kahane was an inseparable part of Orthodox Judaism. He later openly backed Kahane's State of Judea movement.  Ahron Soloveichik stated, What Kahane said was absolutely correct, just we don't say it because the world will criticize us, but somebody had to say it.  Noach Weinberg sought to place Kahane on his staff, believing him to be just what the kiruv movement needed.
 Ya'akov Yosef described Kahane as one who fulfilled his role faithfully. He declared that we must learn from his great actions in order that we learn the way of the Torah. " Legacy Stickers in Hebrew: "Today Everybody Knows: Kahane was Right Following Kahane's death, no leader emerged to replace him in the movement.  Two small Kahanist factions later emerged; one under the name Kach, and the other under the name Kahane chai Hebrew:????
Literally "Kahane lives [on]", the second one being led by his younger son, Binyamin Ze'ev Kahane. Neither one was permitted to participate in the Knesset elections by the Central Elections Committee.  In 1994, following the Cave of the Patriarchs massacre of Palestinian Muslim worshippers in Hebron by Kach supporter Baruch Goldstein, in which 29 Muslim worshipers were killed, the Israeli government declared both parties to be terrorist organizations.
 The US State Department also added Kach and Kahane Chai to its list of Foreign Terrorist Organizations. In the 2003 Knesset elections, Herut, which had split off from the National Union list, ran with Michael Kleiner and former Kach activist Baruch Marzel taking the top two spots on the list. The joint effort narrowly missed the 1.5% barrier. In the following 2006 elections, the Jewish National Front, led by Baruch Marzel, fared better, but it also failed to pass the minimum threshold. A follower of Kahane who was involved with Kach for many years, Michael Ben-Ari, was elected to the Knesset in the 2009 elections on renewed National Union list.He stood again in the 2013 elections as the second candidate on the list of Otzma LeYisrael, but the party failed to pass the minimum threshold. In 2007, the FBI released over a thousand documents relating to its daily surveillance of Kahane since the early 1960s.  In 2015, Kahane's grandson, Meir Ettinger, was detained by Israeli law enforcement. He was the alleged leader of the radical Jewish group "The Revolt".  In an online "manifesto" echoing some of his grandfather's teachings, Ettinger promotes the "dispossession of gentiles" who live in Israel and the establishment of a new "kingdom of Israel", a theocracy ruled according to the Halacha. Ettinger's writings condemned Israel's government, mainstream rabbis, and the IDF, and also have denounced Christian churches as "idolatry".  In 2016, Kahane's widow claimed that modern Jewish extremists in Israel do not follow the ideology of her late husband, Rabbi Meir Kahane. She justified that claim by arguing that unlike modern Jewish extremists, Rabbi Kahane had a more mature approach that did not encourage illegal activities.
 The persistent graffiti in Hebron that calls for the expulsion or killing of Arabs has been characterized as Kahane's legacy.  The prosecution argued that Arab MK Haneen Zoabi should be banned for denying the Jewish people's existence, and she was banned by the Central Elections Committee, which uses the Kahane precedent.
A week later, the ruling was unanimously overturned by the Supreme Court. Attempts to ban the Strong Israel and Balad political parties by using the Kahane precedent were also overturned.  In 2017, The Forward reported that some of Kahane's followers were aligning themselves with white nationalists and the alt-right.  Other Kahanists declared that such moves did not reflect Kahane's teachings, and they supported that declaration by arguing that Kahane worked together with African Americans. See also Jewish fundamentalism Politics of Israel Zionist political violence Publications By Kahane (Partially under pseudonym Michael King; with Joseph Churba) The Jewish Stake in Vietnam, Crossroads, 1967 Never Again! A Program for Survival, Pyramid Books, 1972 Time to Go Home, Nash, 1972.
 Letters from Prison, Jewish Identity Center, 1974 Our Challenge: The Chosen Land, 1974 The Story of the Jewish Defense League, Chilton, 1975, 2nd edition, Institute for Publication of the Writings of Rabbi Meir Kahane, (Brooklyn, NY), 2000 Why Be Jewish? Kohen ve-navi: osef ma'amarim, ha-Makhon le-hotsa'at kitve ha-Rav Kahana (Jerusalem), 2000 Cuckooland, illustrated by Shulamith bar Itzhak (yet unpublished).
About Kahane For supplementary information and insights: Goldberg, Lenny, The Wit and Wisdom of Rabbi Meir Kahane, archived from the original on November 11, 2007, retrieved August 28, 2007. Miracle Man, Yeshivat "HaRaayon HaYehudi" (Jerusalem), 2010 Bar Itzhak, Shulamith, Kahane et le Kahanisme (in French). Breslauer, Daniel (1986), Meir Kahane: Ideologue, Hero, Thinker, Lewiston/Queenston: Edwin Mellen Press.
The Boundaries of Liberty and Tolerance: The Struggle Against Kahanism in Israel, Gainesville, FL: University Press of Florida, 1994. Friedman, Robert I (1990), The False Prophet: Rabbi Meir Kahane, from FBI Informant to Knesset Member, Brooklyn, NY: Lawrence Hill.
Magid, Shaul (2021), Meir Kahane: The Public Life and Political Thought of an American Jewish Radical, Princeton University Press. Mergui, Raphael; Simonnot, Phillipe (1987), Israel's Ayatollahs: Meir Kahane and the Far Right in Israel, Saqi Books. Ravitzky, Aviezer, The Roots of Kahanism: Consciousness and Political Reality, archived from the original on January 9, 2013.
Sprinzak, Ehud, Kach and Meir Kahane: The Emergence of Jewish Quasi-Fascism, archived from the original on December 10, 2012. Kahane, Libby (2008), Rabbi Meir Kahane: His Life and Thought. This item is in the category "Collectibles\Religion & Spirituality\Judaism\Images". The seller is "judaica-bookstore" and is located in this country: IL. This item can be shipped worldwide.